Your teacup yorkie (Yorkshire Terrier) has an inborn desire to live in a warm, clean area, and they don’t like to soil their own space, and they wake from a nap and within 30 minutes after eating or drinking. They “go” almost immediately after eating when very young, so this is your starting point for either inside crate training or outside training. His safety also depends on his willingness to come when called.
INSIDE OR OUTSIDE TRAINING?
Your teacup yorkie will prefer your nice warm carpet to the wet grass outside, and you won’t like the rain either. Some people prefer total outside training and some people prefer total inside training. Both methods have merits and drawbacks, and I find that a combination works best in the long run. If a teacup yorkie is totally trained to pee pads, he will not learn that he needs to wait for an appropriate time. If he is totally trained to go outside, your teacup yorkie may have problems when you are not available to take him out. Unless the owner has a very secure fence, it is not recommended that the puppy be trained to use a doggy door and go outside unsupervised. Yorkie teacup theft is frequent, and predators (including flying ones) can take your small yorkie away in a flash.
My teacup yorkies are usually accustomed to crates from very young. When they are weaned, I put the crates in their pen,and they immediately go into it and treasure it like their personal den. Start wth a crate large enough for a teacup Yorkie to grow into and give it freedom of movement. Add some towels or blankets and some of the yorkie’s toys. This crate is to be his home until he learns to consistently relieve himself in the appropriate place. THE CRATE IS NOT TO BE USED FOR PUNISHMENT. Subsequent remarks about INSIDE TRAINING AND OUTSIDE TRAINING apply equally to Crate Training. COLLARS SHOULD NOT BE LEFT ON YOUR PUPPY WHILE HE IS IN THE CRATE OR AT ANY TIME YOU ARE NOT WITH HIM. COLLARS ARE DANGEROUS. Your teacup yorkie yorkie can get his foot or jaw caught in the collar, or the collar can be snagged on something and hang your puppy.
INSIDE POTTY TRAINING
It is necessary to confine the teacup yorkie to a small area with the floor covered with newspapers and the crate where he will be warm and happy. I use small folding fences to contain the puppies in one area and crate them at night. See bottom of page for photo of a fenced and happy puppy with room to roam. The yorkie will naturally leave his crate to relieve himself, and newspapers should be the only available space for him to leave his “gifts.” Newspapers are a cheap option, and paper pee pad or washable pee pads may be subsituted later when he’s learned to use a small space. Additionally, I find that very young teacup yorkies like to play with and tear up the pee pads. The yorkie should not be permitted to eat the cottony filling that absorbs the liquid. Change the papers frequently, but leave a “scented” piece underneath to draw him back to the same spot. A puppy forced to walk in feces will lick his feet and can get an intestinal problem that requires a vet’s assistance to correct.
As the teacup yorkie progresses with his training, reduce the space covered with papers until only one or two remain. When you take your yorkie out to play with you, either provide a scented newspaper nearby or take him back to his area frequently. Your yorkie will eventually learn that all his deposits should be made in the same place.
OUTSIDE POTTY TRAINING
At first put the teacup yorkie in the crate and leave him there until he settles down and falls asleep. After your yorkie has been quiet for a time, take him outside on a leash. Use a halter, not a collar, as collars can injure your yorkie baby’s trachea. Choose a word that will be your command for the puppy to relieve himself. While teacup yorkies are very smart, they don/t speak English, so you can use any word that will be less embarrassing to use in public. I use “bingo”. My daughter uses a German word. Take the puppy to a designated area where you want him to relieve himself and repeat this word signal again and again. As soon as it does so, PRAISE IT IMMEDIATELY AND LAVISHLY with a high, happy and excited voice. Pet your yorkie, give it a treat. The baby yorkie will learn that it’s much better to save his deposits in exchange for rewards, and you ARE truly pleased with him. Take the baby yorkie outside soon after eating, drinking, before and after his naps, and after playing with him. CONSISTENCE IS THE KEY HERE, AND THAT IS THE OWNER’S RESPONSIBILITY.
All puppies, including teacup yorkies need to chew, but they don’t know what is acceptable to chew. A puppy doesn’t know the difference in an old sock or shoe from new ones, so don’t give him either. Give your yorkie one of the safe chew toys on the market, not digestive systems. Place the toys in the crate when you leave the house. When the yorkie puppy has progressed so that it has the run of the house, hide treats for him to find.
If your teacup yorkie puppy chews on furniture or shoes, scold him in a harsh voice, remove him from the temptation, and give the yorkie something appropriate to chew on. Do not hit your yorkie puppy if he leaves “gifts” for you. He won’t remember his action and won’t know why you are hurting him. If you catch him in the act, scold in a harsh voice and leave him alone for a few minutes. Your yorkie puppy wants to please you, and it’s up to you to teach it what makes you happy.
Soiled spots should be cleaned with a pet odor neutralizer. Regular household products are not effective in eliminating pet odors and will cause your puppy to go there again. When the spot is thoroughly deodorized, place the crate on top of it so the yorkie puppy learns that this space is part of his space, too. As each accident occurs, treat it in the same way. The yorkie will eventually accept the entire house as his area and will be less likely to relieve himself inside.
Puppies in a folding fence, nicely contained and safe with bed, food water, and cloth pee pad. I’m using a piece of Formica under to make cleaning easier. I recommend the 24″ height to make tending easier.